Holst The Planets 2 Venus the Bringer of Peace



Music: US Airforce Band; This image or file is a work of a U.S. Air Force Airman or employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image or file is in the public domain Picture: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS http://www.mnh.si.edu/exhibits/evolvi... The Planets, Op. 32, is a seven-movement orchestral suite by the English composer Gustav Holst, written between 1914 and 1916. Each movement of the suite is named after a planet of the Solar System and its corresponding astrological character as defined by Holst. With the exception of Earth, all major planets in the Solar System are represented. From its premiere to the present day, the suite has been enduringly popular, influential, widely performed and frequently recorded. The work was not heard in a complete public performance, however, until some years after it was completed. Although there were four performances between September 1918 and October 1920, they were all either private (the first performance, in London) or incomplete (two others in London and one in Birmingham). The premiere was at the Queen's Hall on 29 September 1918, conducted by Holst's friend Adrian Boult before an invited audience of about 250 people. The first complete public performance was finally given in London by Albert Coates conducting the London Symphony Orchestra on 15 November 1920. […] Structure The suite has seven movements, each named after a planet and its corresponding astrological character (see Planets in astrology): 1. Mars, the Bringer of War 2. Venus, the Bringer of Peace 3. Mercury, the Winged Messenger 4. Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity 5. Saturn, the Bringer of Old Age 6. Uranus, the Magician 7. Neptune, the Mystic Holst's original title, as seen on the handwritten full score, was "Seven Pieces for Large Orchestra". Holst almost certainly attended an early performance of Schoenberg's Five Pieces for Orchestra in 1914 (the year he wrote "Mars", "Venus" and "Jupiter"), and owned a score of it, the only Schoenberg score he ever owned.[20] Each movement of Holst's work was originally called only by the second part of each title (I "The Bringer of War", II "The Bringer of Peace" and so on); the present titles were added in time for the first (incomplete) public performance in September 1919, though they were never added to the original score. A typical performance of all seven movements is about fifty minutes long, though Holst's own electric recording from 1926 is just over forty-two and a half minutes. […] Source: " The Planets . “ Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 22 July 2004. Web. 6 Nov. 2014 Creative Commons Terms of Use: This video is licensed under a Creative Commons CC-BY license. Its attributed to Free Classical Music Video being licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license. Licensed Material is licensed under Public License. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Video Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MeXJFCktc9I




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